What are the mental and physical health benefits of exercise
Exercise has many benefits, both curative and preventive, for physical and mental health. Any amount of exercise, even if it falls below the suggested amount, is likely to produce benefits.
Improves cardiovascular health
Reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease is an important benefit of exercise.A person can begin experiencing the benefits of regular exercise right awayTrusted Source, though the CDCTrusted Source recommend that adults perform 150 minutes a week of at least moderate intensity activity.
improving cholesterol levels, lowering blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart attacks and heart disease, reducing the risk of stroke.
Increases chance of living longer
“Strong scientific evidence shows that physical activity delays death from all causes,” according to a 2018 report from the Department of Health and Human ServicesTrusted Source.Even better, the benefits start to accumulate with modest amounts of moderate-to-vigorous exercise. The greatest jump occurs when a person goes from being “inactive” to being “insufficiently active.”
Regular exercise can help prevent the bone density loss that occurs with aging, say the CDCTrusted Source.Moderate or vigorous muscle-strengthening and aerobic exercise, as well as bone-strengthening programs, can all helpTrusted Source.Real benefits to bone density begin with only about 90 minutesTrusted Source of exercise a week.Weight-bearing exercises, such as walking and dancing, and resistance exercises are particularly good for bone health.
Aerobic exercise aims to improve how the body uses oxygen. Most aerobic exercise takes place at average levels of intensity over longer periods.An aerobic exercise session involves warming up, exercising for at least 20 minutes, and then cooling down. Aerobic exercise mostly uses large muscle groups.
Anaerobic exercise does not use oxygen for energy. People use this type of exercise to build power, strength, and muscle mass.These exercises are high-intensity activities that should last no longer than around 2 minutes. Anaerobic exercises include:
Weightlifting, sprinting ,intensive and fast skipping with a rope, interval training, isometrics, any rapid burst of intense activity
Agility training aims to improve a person’s ability to maintain control while speeding up, slowing down, and changing direction.In tennis, for example, agility training helps a player maintain control over their court positioning through good recovery after each shot.People who take part in sports that heavily rely on positioning, coordination, speed, and balance need to engage in agility training regularly.
Written by: Lowri Daniels on January 24, 2021
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